1.en.10 Phonetics: Dictionary work and IPA

During English lessons we do a lot of practice trying to pronounce English sounds we are not familiar with. We’ve already learnt to recognize a few phonemes. Let’s see if you remember.

/tʃ/

Literature /ˈlɪtərətʃər/

Picture

Churh

Nature

Culture

Chalk

A dictionary gives you lots of information about words, not only their meaning but also, among other things, their pronunciation.

The pronunciation of a word is essential. In many on line dictionaries you can click on a sound icon and listen to the way the word is pronounced.

This monolingual on line dictionary gives you the chance to listen to how the word is pronounced.

http://dictionary.reference.com/

When we cannot listen to the way words sound,  we can look at the phonemic transcription of the word, that represents in writing how the word is pronounced.  There is a way to represent how words are pronounced in different languages and that is using IPA, an acronym for International Phonetic Alphabet.

Each phoneme is given a symbol as the one we learnt in class /tʃ/

There are 26 letters in the English alphabet, but there are around 44 phonemes in Standard English. This means that letters cannot represent phonemes so other symbols are used.

Each phoneme is given a symbol so that the pronunciation of any English word can be represented in writing. Here is the English phonetic alphabet  version of the International Phonetic Alphabet or IPA:

Let’s see,

which is the underlined sound in the following 5 words? If you are not sure, go to the on line dictionary and check it.

ORANGE

  1. JEANS
  2. MONDAY
  3. BUT
  4. CHALK
  5. CHARACTER

HOMEWORK FOR TUESDAY 5TH. POST THE ANSWERS TO THE BLOG AND COPY THEM IN YOUR NOTEBOOK.

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1.en.8 Word of the day: run….run…. run…. what are Josep, María, Paula, Sergio, Andreu, Álvaro and Vladis planning to do?

run a Marathon ?running-marathon

or run  for class representative?

Sorry, Josep, I forgot to include you in the list of people from our class that will run for class representative. Vladis, I have added an”S” to your name. Sorry about that too. Well, if you find any other mistakes that slipped in the blog, write to me. I will appreciate it. Why? because it means that you read carefully the post.

img_large_watermarked

words are tricky and fun

If you look up a dictionary , such as

http://dictionary.reference.com

you will find more than 97 meanings

for the verb to run.

I chose 3 for you:

run  /rʌn/

1. to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk
9. to be or campaign as a candidate for election.
  • 29.
to operate or function: How does your new watch run? Cars run on gasoline.

Now it is your turn:Look for  one more meaning  of the verb

” to run”. Let’s see what you find.

Homework:copy in your notebook a meaning of the verb to run you did not know

Today, during tutoría, we  did a class survey to find out the kind of class representative you would like to have. What was the result of the survey?

Homework: copy in your notebook the contribution of your group. Start like this

  • In our group, we have chosen………..

Post to the blog the two aspects  you value most in your class representative. Start like this

  • For me, a class representative must be/ should be      ………. and  ……