1.en.4 Robots

Let me introduce you to American physicist, Dr. Michio Kaku. Dr. Kaku works in the field of theoretical physics, just as Einstein, and he has devoted much of his time to think about how things will be different for us in the future. If you’re interested you can visit his website:

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Well, today we are only going to explore some of Dr. Kaku’s ideas. He’s been considering about the possibility of developing robots to a point in which they could get ideas about killing humans. Well, let’s hope this will never happen. Indeed, he mentions the Three Laws of Robotics which were devised  in 1942 by a famous science-fiction author. These laws would prevent any robot from doing harm to a human.

a. Who was this writer?

b. One of his stories was made into a film in 2004 with Will Smith in it. What film was it?

c. Try to complete the Three Laws:

  1. A robot may not ………………………… a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to ………………………….
  2. A robot must ………………………… the orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would …………………………with the First Law.
  3. A robot must ………………………… its own existence as long as such protection does not …………………………with the First or Second Laws.

Nevertheless, it seems that things could get a bit dangerous according to Dr. Kaku, so we better do something to keep safe. Now, watch the following video in which Dr. Kaku shares his ideas about the possibility of robots killing humans and answer the questions below:

Say whether these are True or False (and don’t forget to provide evidence from the clip)

a) The reported asked the experts gathered at the conference about the possibility of robots beings as intelligent as humans.

b) The experts gave quite different answers.

c) Nowadays, computers triple their power every 18 months.

d) Silicon is the best material for chips as it is stable at high temperatures.

e) Substitutes for silicon, such as DNA or protein chips will be in use in the next decades.

f) Computer machines are as intelligent as dogs now.

g) if computer machines were as intelligent as monkeys, we could be in danger.

h) Dr. Kaku thinks a possible solution to murderous robots would be to use defective circuits.

1.en.3 Advertising

ADVERTISING TECHNIQUES

We live surrounded by it. It’s everywhere, in our streets, in our homes. It’s so common and pervasive that we just take for granted. Some love it, others hate it and there are some people who couldn’t do without because it leads their lives. It’s ADVERTISING!

We are going to learn a bit about it, about how it works so that it is capable of making us do things without being aware of it. In order to do so publicity uses what we call persuasive techniques. Let’s have a look at some of them:

Directions A Instructions horizontal BIG

Task 1: Name at least 5 TV commercials /spots /adverts belonging to 5 different persuasive techniques.

Task 2: Does advertising have an influence on you? Comment with some partners:

– Do you watch or skip TV commercials?

– Do commercials guide your shopping?

ADVERTISING SLOGANS

All brands, whether big or small, use a slogan to stand out. Slogans are short, often memorable phrases which are claimed to be the most effective means of drawing attention to one or more aspects of a product. The best advertising slogans are the ones that truly bring out the very reason a brand exists for.

Have a look at the spots below:

Now it’s time you created your own slogans. You can try with these slogan generators:

Slogan generator 1

Slogan generator 2

Slogan generator 3

If these sites don’t convince you, you could always try to create your own slogan. Here you are some useful tips:

slogan

1. Start from the LOGO

Your brand should have their own logo to promote its identity.

2. Keep it simple

Your audience must understand it quickly in order to be effective

3. Make it fun if you can

4. Stay honest!!!

Does you product keep on the promises the slogan makes?

1.en.2 A Debate

parliament-chamber

This term you have decided to organize a debate about the Death Penalty or Capital Punishment on Friday 8th November.

Taking part in a debate is a serious matter which needs some preparation. I have decided that we follow the Parliamentary Debate format, so we must prepare very thoroughly in order to be ready for it.

bsr005

In the following presentation you’ll find the most basic ideas about Parliamentary Debates:

You’ll find more information in the following link: Debating, an introduction.

Argument or Debate?

Watch the two videos below. The first is a comedy sketch about arguing and the second is a sample of a debate in a British school:

1.en.1 Writing a newspaper article: A talk

Gonzalo Fanjul

This Monday we are attending a talk by Gonzalo Fanjul, an economist specialized in Development Policies and owner of the blog 3.500 millones de ideas irreverentes contra la pobreza.

He will talk about why the number of people in the world  suffering from lack of food is growing, while at the same time obesity and food waste is on the increase.

niño_pobre_latino

Listen to what he has to say and take notes during the talk in order to write a newspaper article (225 to 250 words).

Features of your Article

Headline: Font type: ARIAL; Font size: 28

Text Font type: ARIAL; Font size: 12

Text in two columns

Images: Include at least one image, don’t forget to add caption (and source if possible)

Here you are some guidelines on how to do it:

Structure of a newspaper article

Newspaper articles usually have a title (called the headline) that is set in large type. The writer of a newspaper article is often not credited; if the author is mentioned, this credit is called the author’s byline.

The beginning of each newspaper article (the first paragraph) is called the lead (one or two sentences long); the lead should summarize the main facts of the article, telling the 5 W’s (who, what, when, where, and why) and how. The first paragraph should also contain a hook, something that grabs the reader’s attention and makes the reader want to read the rest of the article.

The rest of the paragraphs form the body of the article. It can consist of several supporting paragraphs which go into more detail about the topic, often including quotes and interesting facts. The less important information should appear later in the article, since the article may be cropped (shortened) by the editor (the person who puts the newspaper together) to make the article fit on the newspaper page.

This layout is usually called the inverted pyramid layout:     

Task: Imagine you work as a reporter for an English newspaper. Your boss has sent you to cover the talk and write in the next edition of the paper. Use your notes and any extra information you can gather in the web to write a short article (between 175 and 200 words) reflecting the content and the development of the talk.

Don’t forget to follow the Inverted Pyramid layout and include all the different parts of a newspaper article.

To learn more about writing a newspaper article follow this link: Writing newspaper articles.

Sortida a Eivissa

Hola a tots, Aquí vos deix unes fotografies fetes  durant la sortida a Eivissa.

P1140061

 

 

I algunes fotos que he fet durant el concert d’avui.

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Audition exercice

http://youtu.be/gxlnnvz9lJk

Listen to the music, read the text and answer the following questions

Exercice for students_0002

Exercice for students_0001Exercice for students

3.tec.25 Electrònica

EL RELÉ

http://www.xtec.cat/~ccapell/rele/rele.htm

  1. Explica el funcionament d’un relé passa per passa.

  1. Fes l’esquema elèctric d’un relé que connecta una bombeta.

  1. Dibuixa el símbol

    1. D’un relé que activa un commutador

    2. D’un relé que activa un interruptor

    3. D’un relé amb commutador

  1. Fes l’exercici 30 de la pàgina 165 del llibre de tecnologies.

ELS RESISTORS

  1. Quins tipus de resistors coneixes?. Posa’n exemples.
  1. Per què alguns components electrònics tenen tantes bandes o ratlles de colors?
  1. Quina funció fan els resistors en els circuits?
  1. Esbrina el valor nominal i la tolerància, així com el marge real del valor en ohms, de les resistències següents:
Resistència Valor nominal Tolerància Marge valor total

marró-negre-negre/ plata

10 Ω

10%

9-11 Ω

vermell-violeta-marró/or

verd-blau-vermell/plata

gris-vermell-taronja/or

taronja-blanc-groc/plata

marró-verd-verd/marró

CODICOLORS

APARELLS DE MESURA ELÈCTRICS

  1. Escriu quines són les regles d’ús d’un polímetre.
  2. Dibuixa l’esquema de les connexions que faries per cercar el valor de:

a) la resistència d’una bombeta

b) el voltatge d’un circuit que té dues bombetes muntades en sèrie

c) el voltatge de la primera bombeta d’aquest circuit en sèrie

d) la intensitat d’un circuit amb dues bombetes en paral·lel

e) la intensitat de la primera bombeta d’aquest circuit en paral·lel