3.en.110 Egyptian diet: asking questions about the past

Josep, your History teacher, gave me this text about diet in ancient Egypt. We shall use it to compare what they used to eat and what they eat nowadays. Let’s see if you have learnt how to ask questions about the past.

Read the text and ask the questions that give the underlined words as an answer.


The people of ancient Egypt grew everything they needed to eat. The pharaoh got the peasants[1] to do the farm work on the rich lands.Most villagers were farmers.  Farmers lived in towns too, along with traders, other workers and their families.

Egyptians grew crops such as wheat, barley, vegetables, figs, melons, pomegranates and vines.The most important crop was grain. The ancient Egyptians used grain to make bread and beer. Grain was the first crop they grew after floods. Once the grain was harvested they grew vegetables such as onions, cabbages, beans and lettuce. Farmers planted fruit trees and vines.

Every June, the Nile flooded. This was known as the flooding season. During this time the farmers mended  tools or made new ones.

Ancient Egyptians had simple farming tools such as hoes[2], rakes[3], sickles [4]and ploughs[5]. They had both hand ploughs and ones pulled by oxen. The ploughs were used to turn the soil.

The majority of the tools were made entirely out of wood, or a combination of wood and stone, however, some copper tools have also been found, indicating that they had some metal tools.

[1] Agricultores; [2]Azadas;[3] Rastrillos; [4] Hoces; [5] Arados

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