Análisis musical

3.en.10 Festivals & Celebrations

3.en.9 Socializing: friends and social networks

Today many people use the Internet to create their network of friends. But, are netfriends real friends? Do they help us to break our social isolation?

Well, we might not have an answer, but at least we can give a thought. In order to help you create your own opinion watch the two videos below. The first is a song by James Taylor about what a friend is. The second is a short animation about social networks and being isolated.

A song by James Taylor: You’ve got a friend

After listening to the song try to complete the lyrics:

When you’re ……………………. and troubled and you need some loving care
and nothing, whoa, nothing is going right.
Close your eyes and think of me and soon I will be there to brighten up even your darkest ……………………..

You just call out my name, and you know where ever I am
I’ll come running to see you again.
Winter, spring, summer, or ……………………., all you have to do is call and I’ll be there, yeah, yeah,
you’ve got a friend.

If the sky ……………………. you should grow dark and full of clouds
and that old north wind should begin to blow,
keep your head ……………………. and call my name out loud.
Soon I will be ……………………. upon your door.
You just call out my name, and you know where ever I am
I’ll come running to see you again.
Winter, spring, summer, or ……………………., all you have to do is call and I’ll be there.

Tell me, ain’t it good to know that you’ve got a friend? People can be so ……………………..
They’ll hurt you and ……………………. you. Well, they’ll take your soul if you let them,
, but don’t you let them.

You just call out my name, and you know where ever I am
I’ll come running to see you again.
Winter, spring, summer, or ……………………., all you have to do is call, and I’ll be there, yeah, yeah,
you’ve got a friend. You’ve got a friend.
Ain’t it good to know you’ve got a friend? Ain’t it good to know you’ve got a friend?
Oh, yeah, yeah, you’ve got a friend.

Now complete the sentence:


For me a friend is ………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

A clip: The Innovation of Loneliness

Watch the video and say whether the following statements are True or False:

a) Monkeys can live in groups of any size.

b) Humans respond to group size similarly to monkeys.

c) The feeling of loneliness is unbearable for humans.

d) We build our identity on our job, money and friends.

e) The concept of friendship has not changed in the last decades.

f) The features of conversation are real time and uncontrolled content.

g) We use technology as a substitute for friends.

h) Even for users of social media their identity is based on what they are.

i) The feeling of loneliness is impossible to overcome.

3.en.8 Building communities

So, what does it take to build a community? Physical closeness? Family ties? Emotional bonds?

Have a look at these two videos:

a) This is a commercial video about being connected and answer the questions below:

1. What different situations does the video show?

2. How are mobile phones used in them?

3. According to the video how does the use of cell phones interferes in our social life?

4. What do they suggest to improve our relationships? How does it work?

5. What would you say is the tone of the commercial?

b) This clip shows how a new way of travelling can help you making new friends and change your view of the world:

1. What is couchsurfing?

2. In what ways does it help people develop a sense of community?

3. Report on what two people say about it: How does it change the way they see the world?

4. How is it different to other ways of travelling?

2.en.7 The People Watchers

We have learnt a lot about an interesting BBC programme called The People Watchers. Now, you are going to see the beginning of the first episode and answer some questions.

But let’s start by watching the video

Task: Take notes of what goes on in the clip and then answer the following questions:

1) Who are the members of the People Watchers team?

2) What is the purpose of the programme?

In the video you will see three of the experiments they carried out. Identify:

a) What they want to discover or prove

b) What experiment they conduct: place, dynamics, …

c) The result of the experiment

d) The conclusion or explanation

Think about yourself or people who are closed to you, would you have reacted the same way?

We will comment on this on Monday 3rd February

2.en.6 Writing a Synopsis

covertheblackcat     The Rats In The Walls    The five orange pips    Lamb to the slaughter

These Christmas you have read a pair of mystery stories by famous writers. After reading them you should write a short synopsis of them.

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What is a synopsis?

1) It’s a narrative summary of your story (or book) –with feeling.

2) It’s written in present tense.

3) It’s written in third person.

4) It’s written in the same style of writing your story is written in. If your story  is “chatty,” then your synopsis is, too. If your story is serious, literary, filled with dialect, or any other style, so must your synopsis be.

5) The synopsis introduces your main characters and their main conflicts, all woven together in the narrative. (It does not list your characters.)

6) Weaving, by the way, is important. One paragraph should flow logically to the next. If you are switching ideas, you need to make sure you build in a transition to connect your paragraphs.

7) You do not have to include every character or every scene, plot point, or subplot in your synopsis. But your synopsis should give a clear idea as to what your book is about, what characters we will care about (or dislike), what is at stake for your heroes, what they stand to lose, and how it all turns out.

8) You must put the conclusion to your novel in your synopsis.

Steps to Write a Synopsis (by Vivian Beck)

Step 1:  Start With A Hook.

Step 2:  Introduction of Characters. Introduce the main characters in your story.  Tell their MOTIVATION, CONFLICT, and GOALS.  Stay away from detailed physical descriptions unless this information is pertinent to your story.

Step 3:  Construct the Body of Your Synopsis. Write the high points of your story in chronological order.  Don’t give every little detail.   Remember, each scene should include, ACTION, REACTION, and a DECISION.

Step 4: Use Three or Four Paragraphs to Write the CRISIS and RESOLUTION of Your Story. Keep this simple, but make sure you show your main characters’ reactions.  Your synopsis must include the resolution to your story.

Step 5:  Rewrite your synopsis until each sentence is polished to the point of perfection.Use strong adjectives and verbs, and always write in the present tense.

If you still need help you can watch these videos:

Additional work:

1) Make a list of 20 new words you have found in the story and complete a grid including: a) word type (noun, verb, preposition, …); b) a synonym; c) an opposite and d) the quote from the text in which the word appears.

2) Find 2 examples of these type of sentences:

a) contrast; b) addition; c) cause; d) result, e) final & f) condition

1.en.5 Writing a Film Review: The Stepford Wives

We have watched and enjoyed the film The Stepford Wives. This is a comedy based on the satirical novel of the same name by writer Ira Levin published in 1972.

The Stepford Wives

Film Reviews

You are going to write a film review of the film, so let’s start by looking at what a film review is and what it is not:

  • A review is a piece of writing that gives information about something and may include opinions of the quality of that thing.
  • Based on reviews they have read, people often make decisions about where to go or what to do. There are many kinds of reviews that we read (and sometimes have to write) in daily life.
  • A film review is not a detailed explanation of everything that took place in the film.
  • The real purpose of writing a film review is to show why you liked or disliked a particular film, the film’s place among cinema, how the actors played their roles, and why someone should watch it.

Reviews can be factual (giving facts and information about a topic), or may express opinions of the writer about the topic. Most reviews are a combination of facts and opinions. The writer uses facts to support his or her opinions.

Let’s have a look at some examples:

A) This is from a Teenagers’ Magazine called Teen Ink

B) This is from a newspaper The Telegraph

How to write a Film Review

You will find some help about how to write a film review in the following links:

Bitesize 2

Austin Peay State University


You can also make use of these videos:

Here you will find some useful language:

Language of Film ReviewsMovie Database

In case you need to find information about a film you can consult the film database link below:


Your Film review

Now you are ready to write your own Film Review. Write a review of about 250 words.

1.en.4 Robots

Let me introduce you to American physicist, Dr. Michio Kaku. Dr. Kaku works in the field of theoretical physics, just as Einstein, and he has devoted much of his time to think about how things will be different for us in the future. If you’re interested you can visit his website:


Well, today we are only going to explore some of Dr. Kaku’s ideas. He’s been considering about the possibility of developing robots to a point in which they could get ideas about killing humans. Well, let’s hope this will never happen. Indeed, he mentions the Three Laws of Robotics which were devised  in 1942 by a famous science-fiction author. These laws would prevent any robot from doing harm to a human.

a. Who was this writer?

b. One of his stories was made into a film in 2004 with Will Smith in it. What film was it?

c. Try to complete the Three Laws:

  1. A robot may not ………………………… a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to ………………………….
  2. A robot must ………………………… the orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would …………………………with the First Law.
  3. A robot must ………………………… its own existence as long as such protection does not …………………………with the First or Second Laws.

Nevertheless, it seems that things could get a bit dangerous according to Dr. Kaku, so we better do something to keep safe. Now, watch the following video in which Dr. Kaku shares his ideas about the possibility of robots killing humans and answer the questions below:

Say whether these are True or False (and don’t forget to provide evidence from the clip)

a) The reported asked the experts gathered at the conference about the possibility of robots beings as intelligent as humans.

b) The experts gave quite different answers.

c) Nowadays, computers triple their power every 18 months.

d) Silicon is the best material for chips as it is stable at high temperatures.

e) Substitutes for silicon, such as DNA or protein chips will be in use in the next decades.

f) Computer machines are as intelligent as dogs now.

g) if computer machines were as intelligent as monkeys, we could be in danger.

h) Dr. Kaku thinks a possible solution to murderous robots would be to use defective circuits.

1.en.3 Advertising


We live surrounded by it. It’s everywhere, in our streets, in our homes. It’s so common and pervasive that we just take for granted. Some love it, others hate it and there are some people who couldn’t do without because it leads their lives. It’s ADVERTISING!

We are going to learn a bit about it, about how it works so that it is capable of making us do things without being aware of it. In order to do so publicity uses what we call persuasive techniques. Let’s have a look at some of them:

Directions A Instructions horizontal BIG

Task 1: Name at least 5 TV commercials /spots /adverts belonging to 5 different persuasive techniques.

Task 2: Does advertising have an influence on you? Comment with some partners:

– Do you watch or skip TV commercials?

– Do commercials guide your shopping?


All brands, whether big or small, use a slogan to stand out. Slogans are short, often memorable phrases which are claimed to be the most effective means of drawing attention to one or more aspects of a product. The best advertising slogans are the ones that truly bring out the very reason a brand exists for.

Have a look at the spots below:

Now it’s time you created your own slogans. You can try with these slogan generators:

Slogan generator 1

Slogan generator 2

Slogan generator 3

If these sites don’t convince you, you could always try to create your own slogan. Here you are some useful tips:


1. Start from the LOGO

Your brand should have their own logo to promote its identity.

2. Keep it simple

Your audience must understand it quickly in order to be effective

3. Make it fun if you can

4. Stay honest!!!

Does you product keep on the promises the slogan makes?

1.en.2 A Debate


This term you have decided to organize a debate about the Death Penalty or Capital Punishment on Friday 8th November.

Taking part in a debate is a serious matter which needs some preparation. I have decided that we follow the Parliamentary Debate format, so we must prepare very thoroughly in order to be ready for it.


In the following presentation you’ll find the most basic ideas about Parliamentary Debates:

You’ll find more information in the following link: Debating, an introduction.

Argument or Debate?

Watch the two videos below. The first is a comedy sketch about arguing and the second is a sample of a debate in a British school: